The most important industrial material in the world
If it is true, as claimed by the estimates, that in 2050 our planet will host nine billion inhabitants, it is understandable why it is important, for the future of all of us, to find solutions for optimal management of global phenomena such as increasing urbanization, energy consumption and mobility and shortage of resources.
In this context, the steel sector, the manufacturing industry and the research community have been operating together in the development of more efficient, cleaner and safer solutions. Moreover, in different industrial sectors, innovation is closely linked to the use and processing of steel.
Steel is the future
Thanks to its properties, steel is the material used in eco-sustainable buildings. Highly insulating and able to reduce energy consumption and emissions, it is clearly preferable to brick, wood and cement.
In general, the use and transportation of energy would not be possible without steel. In the field of renewable energies, the load-bearing structure of integrated photovoltaic systems is made of steel, as is the latest solar development, organic photovoltaics. Finally, a large part of the blades used in wind systems is made of steel.
With regard to fossil fuels, solutions are currently being studied to improve the efficiency of power generation plants: with steel grades able to withstand higher temperatures and pressures, yields are set to rise by as much as 50%, thus delivering considerable energy savings.
Cars are more than 60% steel. For the future, steel alloys and other materials are being studied to make vehicles safer and lighter and to reduce environmental impact. Steel is also an essential component in electric and hybrid car engines.
Steel has a very high level of recyclability: in certain products it almost reaches 100%, and can be recycled infinitely. As a matter of fact, every tonne of steel produced today is a tonne for future generations.